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中央美院微软设计挑战竞赛项目 CAFA Media Lab / Central Academy of Fine Arts / Beijing

Migrant workers are the unsung heroes of China's reform 农民工是中国改革的无名英雄

For over 20 years, migrant workers toil and sweat of labor and low wages, has become China's rapid economic growth in one of the most important factor, but they do benefit from this small town as if they built a magnificent high-rise blocks, eventually have to leave, to let others the so-called "city people" to reap the profits. More than 20 years, the first generation of migrant workers in the old tired slowly; a new generation of migrant workers or as the same as their parents, or the city's visitors are passing through, it would not wholeheartedly love this place is not home, are a guest , it will have on the city more or less, the resentment of social injustice, therefore, in the city, the damage will co-exist with the construction; because the city owned by people, with very little, apart from the life outside. Today, the society must have a stage under the crowd, still Zun Yan's NOT alive, they are forgotten by society it? Their Health or die, it is really a problem.

About 20 million migrant workers because of the financial crisis, losing their jobs or have not yet returned home to find work, accounting for the employment of migrant workers out of the total number of 15.3%. Plus annual new entrants to the ranks of peasant migrant workers, this year there were 25 million peasant greater job stress.

Agence France-Presse, a communication from Beijing to invoke the specialized study of Chinese migrant workers question the expert opinion report: "Say to promote Chinese migrant workers are the engine of economic growth is not excessive." Australia's Monash University economist Lacey Dole • Smith said: "The urban quality of life today than 30 years ago has been greatly improved, but if the efforts of migrant workers do not, they probably will not live so well."

From the "blind" to "workers" and "migrant workers", the peasant migrant brothers and their titles, has undergone a gradual upgrade process. However, commensurate with the title, the city that Road invisible visible policy barriers are also faced with the rapid removal of the urgency of reality.

"Amphibious migratory" type of migrant workers living at the bottom of town, a walk in the duplicate of the confused status between urban and rural areas. How to not let them "amphibious"? Migrant workers in the end named "agricultural" or the name "Public"? Migrant workers, by definition, are "peasant" and "workers" combination. Well, actually the surname of migrant workers "agricultural" or the surname "workers" do? It can be said that migrant workers are most concerned about a problem. Answer this question, must be from the ranks of migrant workers in their own development and changes go looking for.

20多年来,农民工的血汗劳动和低廉工资,成为推动中国经济迅猛增长的最重要因素之一,但他们却由此受惠不多,犹如他们在城市建起一座座富丽堂皇的高楼大厦,最终却必须离去,让别人即所谓的“城里人”来坐享其成。20多年,第一代农民工在劳累中慢慢老去;新一代农民工或象他们的父辈一样,还是这个城市的过客,是过客,就不会全身心地爱护这个不是家的地方,是过客,就或多或少会产生对城市,对社会不公的愤恨,于是,在城市里,建设与破坏还会并存;因为,城里人所拥有的,他们基本上没有,除了生命以外。如今,这批一定社会阶段下所产生的人群,仍旧没有尊颜的活着,是社会遗忘他们了吗?他们的生或者死,这真是一个问题。

全国约有2000万农民工由于此次金融危机失去工作或者还没有找到工作而返乡,占外出就业农民工总数的15.3%。加上每年新加入到外出打工队伍的农民,今年共有2500万农民就业压力较大。

法新社发自北京的一篇通讯援引专门研究中国农民工问题的专家的观点报道:"说农民工是推动中国经济增长的发动机一点也不过分。"澳大利亚莫纳什大学经济学家拉塞尔•史密斯说:"城市居民今天的生活质量较之30年前大为改善,但如果没有农民工的努力,他们很可能不会生活得这么好。"

从“盲流”到“民工”再到“农民工”,进城务工的农民兄弟其称谓,经历了一个渐进的升级过程。但是,与称谓相称的是,城市里那道看得见看不见的政策藩篱,也面临着迅速拆除的紧迫现实。

  “两栖候鸟”式的农民工,生活在城市的底层,重复着游走于城乡之间的迷茫状态。如何不让他们“两栖”?农民工到底姓“农”还是姓“工”?农民工,顾名思义,是“农民”和“工人”的结合。那么,农民工究竟该姓“农”还是姓“工”呢?可以说,这是农民工最关心的一个问题。回答这一问题,必须从农民工队伍自身的发展变化中去寻找。

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